The Hugo Award was named in honor of Hugo Gernsback, "The Father of Magazine Science Fiction," as he was described in a special award given to him in 1960.
The Hugo Award, also known as the Science Fiction Achievement Award, is given annually by the World Science Fiction Society (WSFS). The distinguishing characteristics of the Hugo Award are that it is sponsored by WSFS, administered by the committee of the World Science Fiction Convention (Worldcon) held that year, and determined by nominations from and a popular vote of the membership of WSFS. In general, a Hugo Award given in a particular year is for work that appeared in the previous calendar year.
This nominees are (with title links to Amazon.com):
Nominations for the Best Novel (in order of 1st place to 5th place):
- Jonathan Strange & Mr. Norrell by Susanna Clarke
- The Algebraist by Iain M. Banks
- Iron Council by China Mieville
- Iron Sunrise by Charles Stross
- River of Gods by Ian McDonald
For the full list of winners in all catagories, go here.